Stained Glass

Stained Glass in Spain

Country of the crafting: Spain
Region of the crafting: Andalucia
Town of the crafting: Malaga
Type of the crafting: Glass, ceramic and pottery

1. Location
This work is located in spain more specifically in the province of andalusia and specifically in the city of malaga.

2. Materials
This element represents a typical colorful window of a church, also known as stained glass made of “came”, molten colored glass.
– the leaded, leaded showcases are decorative windows made with small sections of glass held by “cames”.
– the technique used is that of colored glass where the “cames” of colors are fused.
– the main material used is the glass called “came” which is made from smaller pieces of glass to create huge sections of glass that will become leaded windows.

3. Fusion
It is about the glass reaching its melting point (chemical reaction) by heating it at high temperatures to mold it.2 If we want colored glass we will add sulfides, oxides and selenite. Finally it will proceed to a slow cooling of the same.

4. Blown
It is a well-known fusion technique that attempts to fuse the blown glass through a tube forming bubbles to shape it, and a steel or bronze mold (non-industrial technique ) can also be used. It is a difficult technique that requires experience and imagination on the part of the artist in question (steps to follow, avoid sudden changes in temperature …)

5. Direct engraving
Direct engraving is a complicated technique consisting of creating drawings on the glass with a steel pencil and diamond dust According to its texture

Cathedral glass.
– Cast glass with shell texture.

Printed glass
– Strained cast glass with rollers that print various textures.Hammered glass.
– Blown glass with hammered mold marks.Cracked glass.
– Blown glass with thermal break of the surface layer of the glass. According to your color

Colored glass
– Glass of several colors combined in a non-uniform way. According to its transparency

Opal glass
– Reduced transparency glass, alabaster effect. Opalescent glass.
– Combination of opal and transparent glass with non-uniform distribution.
According to surface effects Iridescent glass.
– With pearly surface treatment.Dichroic glass With treatment using technique s that cause reflections of light forming drawings on the glass surface. According to their layers

Plaque glass.
– Blown glass in which to the glass post adhered to the blowing rod, it is immersed again in glass of another color, thus obtaining a two-layer glass with different colors.

6. History
This “came” is made of: lead, zinc, copper, metal or leaded brass. This technique has its origin in the Roman and Byzantine era, but had a great presence in the late Middle Ages throughout Europe.

Stained Glass crafting Presentation

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