Sustainable With Centenary Looms From the Alpujarra of Granada in Spain
Country of the crafting: Spain
Region of the crafting: Andalucia
Town of the crafting: Granada
Type of the crafting: Textile
During the Arab era, the Alpujarra was an important silk producing Area that was then woven in the workshops of Almeria and Granada, the “Tiraz”. In the time of the Almoravids (12th century), this being the most splendid, sumptuous brocades were woven, inspired by oriental fabrics. the Alpujarra was the last refuge of the Moriscos who followed with the cultivation of the mulberry and the breeding of the silkworm.
Different textile materials are used for manufacturing, such as cotton, wool, and other types of fabrics and threads.
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In Alpujarra looms, fabrics are made by combining wool of different colors in horizontal strips of various widths and that can be plain or with drawings that reproduce popular motifs: grenades, roosters, flowers, birds, etc. The most popular are multicolored jarapas and the “mota” carpets whose designs date back to the Arab era. In La Alpujarra, the looms of Válor, Cástaras, Jorairátar, Murtas, Torvizcón were highlighted… where blankets, carpets, cushions and saddlebags were made with a solid proof and with an evident great taste in the selection and mixing of colors. the jarapas were formerly made with the remains of old clothes, which by making tatters and weaving them obtained colorful fabrics.